Skip to Main Content

Writing and Citing: Help with Research Papers

"If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?" Albert Einstein

Copyright for Faculty

If you would like to make copies of materials to use in class please read Q & A on Copyright for the Campus Community and review the information in the guide "Circular 21 - Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians", Links to both are found below. When in doubt get written permission from the copyright holder every term you plan to use the material.

Four Basic Factors of Fair Use

  1. purpose and character of use
  2. nature of the copyrighted work
  3. amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
  4. effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work (giving due weight especially to the impact of the use on the potential market for the original work)

Source: Questions & Answers on Copyright for the Campus Community, 7th ed.

Updated edition of Copyright for the Campus Community is available online through the National Association of College Stores

Guidelines for educators to use to determine Fair Use can be found in the 24-page guide: "Circular 21 - Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians" distributed by

Copyright on Campus video from the Copyright Clearance Center

Other Copyright Resources

Copyright: What you Can Do

If your course is in Blackboard you can add persistent links to articles and journals in GALILEO: Creating Persistent Links to Articles and Journals

Using Persistent Links in Ebsco Databases